Cycling Australia has gearing restrictions for junior cyclists, for all junior events conducted under Cycling Australia / Cycling NSW regulations on the Road or Track.
The restrictions referred to is the distance one revolution of the crank arm will propel the bicycle in a straight line, when it is in its biggest (hardest) gear. This process is commonly known as ‘roll-out’.
We support the use of roll-out restrictions, however we don’t enforce this on a week-to-week basis.
However, we do enforce roll-out for our Club Championships and Interschool Cycling Championships.
The restrictions achieve two objectives:
- Help ensure that young developing body joints will not be damaged by pushing huge gears.
- Help ensure young riders will learn to spin their legs efficiently, at a high cadence, which is an essential skill.
The restrictions also seek to create a more level playing field for all riders, acknowledging that children of the same age can be vastly different sizes and have different leg strength.
|Age||Maximum roll-out||Gear combinations (assuming 23mm tyres)|
|J9/11/13||5.50 m||42 x 16|
|J15||6.00 m||42 x 15 or 38/39 x 14|
|J17||7.00 m||46 x 14|
|J19||7.93 m||52 x 14|
A number of different gear combinations can suit each criteria.
It must be noted that this is a guide only and the actual distance covered will be dependent upon wheel size, brand and type of tyre fitted, and tyre pressure, therefore the rider must ensure compliance by measuring their own ‘roll-out’. Always ensure the tyres are pumped up to race pressure before rolling-out.
For J9/11/13 events, riders may have their gears ‘blocked-off’, on the front and/or rear derailleur, to restrict their ‘roll-out’.
For J15/17/19, no ‘block-offs’ are permitted at events run under Cycling Australia / Cycling NSW regulations. As such, a specialist junior cassette will need to be used. However, we don’t enforce this additional restriction at our own events.
For all Cycling NSW events, Club Championships and Interschool Cycling Championships, riders are required to have their bike rolled-out and verified by a Commissaire (Marshall), before the start of racing.
Depending on the event, winners and place getters may be required to roll-out their bike again at the conclusion of the race, to ensure that their bike has not been adjusted, to give them an unfair advantage.
At some events, riders are not permitted to take their bike away from the marshalling area, once it has been rolled-out. Under such circumstances, riders will typically warm up on rollers inside the marshalling area.
Don’t attempt this at home. Always check your roll-out with Gay or Ian before racing.